Concentrates on improving flexibility. Stretching
requires no fitness equipment. Types of stretching
include Yoga and Pilates. Whether you decide to
stretch before, after or during your exercise routine,
there is no doubt that stretching should be included
every time you exercise. It keeps your body agile
while engaging in any type of resistance or cardio
Benefits of stretching:
1. improves flexibility
2. increases range of motion
3. promotes relaxation
4. improves performance and posture
5. reduces stress on your body and reduces risk of
injury for any resistance training routines or athletic
Strength Training, Weight Training or Resistance Training:
Concentrates on improving muscles. Strength training or
weight training may require you to lift free weights or use
equipment that makes you lift weight. It may also be called
resistance training because you are putting resistance on
your muscles to improve them. In resistance training you
may use tools like rings and tubes rather than weights.
Some exercises also allow you to use your own body as
resistance. For instance, abdominal crunches can be part
of a strength or resistance training routine. Strength training
should be included in an exercise routine.
The benefits of resistance and strength training:
1. helps you lose weight in two ways: improves your muscle
mass and increases your energy expenditure, both make you to
burn more calories.
2. helps you tone and look better even if you are not overweight.
3. gives you more strength and endurance
4 increases bone density
5. has cardiovascular benefits
6. may help reduce risks of injury in athletes
Cardiovascular or Aerobic Training:
Aimed at improving your heart muscle and cardiovascular
system. Cardiovascular training or aerobic training may be
accomplished in several ways and you don’t need to spend
any money. Walking, jogging, skipping rope, boxing, dancing,
riding a bike – any of these qualify as aerobic exercise.
Cardiovascular training should be an essential element of your
Benefits of cardiovascular training:
1. strengthens your heart
2. helps you lose weight and reduce fat
3. increases your endurance
Interval Training or Anaerobic Training:
Aimed at improving aerobic endurance for athletes. Interval
training is characterized by repetitions of heavy exercise with a
recovery period following each repetition. For instance, you
might sprint for 10 seconds and then follow that sprint with a two
minute recovery jog. Then you repeat the sprint/jog routine for
about 20 minutes. During the sprinting you are producing a state
of oxygen debt. This can also be called anaerobic training
because you are out of oxygen. Circuit training is also a form of
Benefits of Interval Training:
1. improves athletic endurance
2. strengthens the heart muscle
3. improves the lungs or the ability to take in oxygen
Aimed at improving aerobic endurance, strength and flexibility in
athletes. Can also help fight boredom for anyone who exercises.
Type of training that requires you to do two or more types of
exercise either within the same routine or in successive routines.
For example, you may stretch every day for flexibility, lift weights
two days a week for strength training, and ride a bike once a week
for aerobic endurance.
Type of interval training aimed at losing weight and inches. Circuit
training has been made popular by places like Curves and Ladies
Workout Express. In circuit training you have several pieces of
strength training equipment interspersed with aerobic equipment
like steps or jogging pads. It has all the benefits of both
cardiovascular and strength training workouts.
Renee Kennedy is the editor of the monthly ezine NutriCounter
Update. Come and visit the NutriCounter web site at
http://www.nutricounter.com/news.htm for an extensive selection
of articles on health, nutrition and exercise.